Wonderful Journey from Puppy to Dog
- Editorial Team
- Reading Time: 4 minutes
Adult dogs are equal in maturity to a 2-year-old human baby. Their adulthood has some telling effects upon family and social life. In five significant life stages, Dogsculture unleashes everything in this 3-minute write-up. The phases elaborate the timeframe, vital developments, diet, and exercise schedules.
1. Neonatal phase
Timeframe: 0-2 weeks
The puppy has touch, taste, and smell sensations. They are immobile except for crawling. Now, they are entirely dependent on the mother for food, care, cleaning, and movement. At this stage, dogs can neither hear nor see.
Food: Mother’s milk suffices.
Exercise: No exercise is recommended.
2. Transitional phase
Timeframe: 3-4 weeks
What is going on?
Hearing and puppy vision starts developing. They grow relatively clear sight in place of blurry vision by the fifth week. Moreover, there appear baby teeth. Besides, a little mobility drives them to littermate interactions.
They also learn barking resembling their parents. Weaning commences at the end of this chapter. Importantly, the puppy figures out how to eliminate on its own.
Weaning demands diet variation. Almost 100% of dog people suggest puppy dry kibble mixed with warm water. Also, milk replacer should top the list. All puppies love this formula at around a month of age. Serve it several times a day.
None recommends regular exercise for puppies. However, they might enjoy a walk or two outside. But the length should not exceed 5 minutes.
3. Socialization phase
Timeframe: 5-12 weeks
What enchants the puppy?
Weaning, socialization, vaccination, training and real-life experiences take hold. By 9 weeks, the puppy develops all its senses. Weaning comes to an end at around eight weeks. However, the mother continues with occasional breastfeeding.
Begin puppy vaccination from 6-8 weeks of age. Distemper, parvovirus, DHPP, and rabies are universally recommended shots. Vaccinations continue until 2-3 years depending on the health conditions.
Socialization remains a lifelong process involving humans and animals. But the watershed moment presents itself now. By 12 weeks, littermates deliver the playing skills, social aptitude & boundaries, physical coordination, and hierarchy.
Human interaction is permissible from 5-7 weeks. Positive human experiences render a sound personality. Introduce basic training, such as house training. The dog masters house training by 4-5 months of age.
Serve calorie-dense courses instead of adult dog food. It must go on for about a year. High-quality puppy food sources more kilocalorie for a neat physical development.
Amino acids, fatty acids, and minerals are must for puppy food. Your dog may suffer from nutritional deficit and weakness in absence of these ingredients.
Is he ready for exercise?
Above 85% of dog pundits prescribe 5 minutes of exercise per month of age. A 3-month-old puppy adapts to 10-15 minutes. But never force it upon him. Stop as the dog gets fatigued. Break the time into several chunks.
4. Hierarchy phase
Timeframe: 3-6 months
What is the dog going through?
Submission and dominance lessons play a vital role in dog pack leadership. Peer dogs and other animals influence and streamline the behavior of a puppy. Human interactions also bear significance.
They bow down to the pack leaders and start commanding respect from other inferior members. Leadership lays out the socialization groundwork as it continues up until 18 weeks.
They attain calm indifference towards strangers, animals, honks, veterinary examinations, crowds, and everyday incidents. Puppies put aside their fear and aggression impulses.
You cannot teach an old dog a new trick. A fine-tuned dog enjoys a social environment. Start leash training after 3 months. It spruces up the rough edges.
Teething and chewing occur around 3-4 months. The razor-sharp baby teeth give in to 42 adult teeth. Gum sores and irritation cause a lot of pain. Young dogs bite everything including shoes and furniture. The best chew toys are designed to tackle it.
Stick to the high-calorie puppy food. Supply an appropriate amount of food. Commercial food products come with age and weight charts.
A weekly analysis helps measure how much the dog really consumes and if the amount needs variation. Exhaustive training requires a lot of treats. Also, excessive treats push them to obesity.
How much exercise does the dog need?
In-depth exercise curbs chewing, teething, and other destructive behaviors. Get the dog involved in outdoor activities including walking, running, and interactive games.
The puppy gradually concedes to an increase in exercise time. It adapts to 20-30 minutes of physical actions depending on the breed type. Never force the dog towards it.
5. Adolescence phase
Timeframe: 6-18 months
What are the exciting things?
Training and socialization take deep roots. Push them through the lessons. They master the concept of pack and leadership. Mates and humans influence their behavior.
Broadly, they are now prepared to handle social circumstances in the parks, beaches, and streets. But testing the boundaries is still prominent in them. Puppies keep probing into things.
Another chewing stage resurfaces at around 7-9 months. Sexual expressions and desires appear if left unneutered or unspayed.
Which food suits him?
Small and medium-sized dogs reach adulthood at one year. Supply high-calorie puppy food until this time and later, switch to adult food.
Large and giant breeds gain adulthood at around 18-24 months. Adult dog food delights them. The transition from puppy to adult food takes 7-10 days. A gradual shift helps the dog better cope up with the changes.
Is it time for an all-out exercise?
Pick physical strength with superb fitness allows intense physical activities.