In This Article Dogsculture Covers:
Yorkshire Terrier promises an endearing companionship. He fits in an apartment and goes along well with the other pets in your home. This toy dog captures the most popular position among the small dogs in the USA.
Terrier feisty attitude is reserved aplenty in a Yorkshire Terrier. His lush coat is the source of an elegant look along with tons of grooming tasks. But fans are devoted to Yorkies despite the issues attached to them.
Yorkshire Terrier personality:
Yorkshire Terrier upholds a dynamic personality. They are apartment dogs no doubt about it. But inside your home, these dogs will not idle around. They are always up to something whether it is your cat or the other dog.
They can reign supreme over the other pets despite being a small size dog. Terrier spirit immensely assist in this purpose. Such a spirit does not let them be grounded for a boring life. They love to lead a spunky life.
But some of these dogs can become champion couch potatoes too. Those are however very few in number. Mostly, your dog will look for adventures and cuddles in the same token.
Naturally, these content dogs will try to please you.
Measure Yorkshire Terrier smartness:
Among toy dogs, Yorkshire Terrier is a top intelligent fella. In an overall estimation put forward by Professor Stanley Coren, Yorkie has positioned himself on the 27th spot regarding intelligence ranking of the dogs.
So. this is undoubtedly a smart dog. Their 10th position on the AKC breed popularity list is a testimony to an adorable feline companion. They quickly build up a sweet relationship with you.
They can grasp a command mostly within 15-25 repetitions. Once this dog gets a command, he will remember it for future rehearsals. These dogs are protective in nature and can be used as good watchdogs. In the old times, Yorkies were used for rodent elimination.
So, they have the necessary skills of a vigilant dog.
What & how to feed:
At first, we must clarify a universal understanding. There is no one-size-fit-all solution when it comes to dog diet and nutrition. But we can certainly give you a clear assumption based on data and experience.
The amount of required food really depends upon his activity, age, sex and health. In general, the Yorkshire Terriers do well on ½ cup or ¾ cup of daily food.
Now, you can divide it into several meals. They are good with both commercially manufactured as well as homemade items. Not to forget, the main part of their food should contain meat and protein. Free feeding a newborn is not bad.
Their blood sugar may rapidly deteriorate in absence of frequent food intake which is called hypoglycemia. Free feeding handles this issue perfectly.
From 3 months to one year, you can give him 3-4 meals per day. From then on, Yorkies can go with 2-3 meals everyday. Food quality actually determines the amount you allow him. High quality food products are devoid of fillers and can fulfill his needs with a small amount. Yorkshire Terriers can easily build up some fat.
To prevent obesity, carefully analyze his treat provision. Too many treats can spoil his health.
Escape a few health issues:
Yorkshire Terrier will demonstrate good health over the course of its life. However, you must exercise some caution before adopting one. Checking out your pup’s health records along with its parents’ is a good way of avoiding some major hazards.
Clearances from Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) can prevent several diseases. Patellar luxation is a huge problem for Yorkshire Terrier. It can even happen in their tender age as they like to jump from high grounds. One bad incident can lead to kneecap dislocation.
Normally, a misalignment in femur and tibia results into this issue. Portosystemic shunt is another case that requires costly surgeries. This is related to the liver. Unusual blood flow causes their internal body systems fall apart.
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease obstructs blood supply in the rear legs. It reduces his activities and finally, limping is a big sign. But it can be cured with a surgery.
However, early detection is vital for total recuperation. You have to keep a close scrutiny of his eyes. Those sweet eyes are susceptible to progressive retinal atrophy and allergies.
Moreover, hypothyroidism, dental issues and hypoglycemia can surface in a few instances.
Insightful care program:
Grooming will always be a big part with a Yorkie in your home. His lush coat requires daily brushing. Otherwise, its silky appearance will soon fade away. His coat actually resembles human hair. Yorkie hair just does not know where to grow and where to stop.
So, his eyesight will face some difficulty if you prefer long coat. Regularly trim these extended hair that disturbs his sight. This dog will also look forward to at least a bath a week. This is especially applicable for a long coated one.
Moreover, you should trim his nails at a regular interval. Daily exercise is a must for him. He needs plenty of fresh water and timely meals too. He seeks your protection from larger animals. Raise a fence around your home. It will protect him from harmful incidents. They like your company and prefer staying by your side.
So, you have to allow them a fair portion of your quality time.
Proper exercise method:
Fair amount of exercise releases pent up energy of your puppy. It helps remove destructive behavior. Chewing and barking are two symptoms of stored energy. It stretches his muscles increasing blood flow all over the body.
Moreover, we should remember that a tired dog is always a good dog. Yorkshire Terriers are toy dogs and do not look forward to excessive workouts. A short walk is plenty exercise for him.
In addition to this session, you can go for game of fetching. Throw away a ball and let him run after it. Occasional bursts of such activity will maintain a good state of his heart.
Adult dogs, over 2 years, will require 20-25 minutes of walking per day. It is vital that you maintain a regular outing schedule for this. Agility tests, catching a frisbee and tracing out hidden treats are some other good ways of exercise.
Yorkshire Terrier training cues:
Yorkies do have a strong pleasing tendency. This loving attitude is directed to their owner. So, they are not a tough nut to crack. But we must keep in mind that these dogs will fondly nurture their terrier nature along the way. Expect a bit of obstinacy from this little pooch.
But it will barely be an obstacle to train him properly as he was first bred to be a working dog. Starting early is the key to perfect training outcome. This intelligent dog will show good training performance provided enough appreciation and treats.
Early socialization is a mandatory program as he is a companion dog. Yorkshire Terrier is capable of obedience performance and can work as a therapy dog. You may want to mold his personality in those respects.
However, we should not forget the basic dog training involving ‘sit’, ‘run’, ‘stay’ and the other commands. We have already mentioned that repetition helps him memorize your techniques properly.
But it will take 15-25 instances for him to learn a command solidly. By the way, potty training is going to consume a lot of time and patience from you. Start with a crate. It gives him a negative boundary as this is his place to stay for a long time.
So, he will learn not to spoil it. In the meantime, you have ample opportunity to fix a scheduled break and the right location for his personal business. On top of that your puppy will learn to handle separation issues all by itself.
Yorkshire Terrier origin:
Scottish workers, with their little working dog, migrated en masse to Yorkshire and Lancashire during the Industrial Revolution. Their aim was to manage a job in thriving coal mines and factories in England.
Especially, the Scottish weavers had a great use in the Yorkshire Terrier. It was not their lap dog but a prized workmate. This dog was developed in the mid 1800s in order to steer clear the factories off the rodents. Their small size help them wriggle towards the targets inside the stuffed machineries.
Black and Tan Terrier, Clydesdale Terrier, Skye, Dandie Dinmont and Maltese dog breeds are considered to have played a role in Yorkshire Terrier ancestral history. Cotton mills used the capacity of Yorkies to keep their products intact from the attacks of rodents.
Then the Victorian ladies started putting on a show with this lap dog. Thus the Yorkshire Terrier came to the front line of the then fashion. The Kennel Club (UK) Recognized this dog as a distinct breed in 1886.
Being brought up in Scottish and English territories, this toy dog made it to America in 1872 for the first time. The first AKC record of a Yorkshire Terrier can be traced back to 1885. The AKC breed popularity shows that these days, the Yorkshire Terrier enjoys the 10th spot among all the dogs in America.