In This Article Dogsculture Covers:
The Pomeranian is one of the cutest dog breeds. Their small fox face, lustrous coat and confident moves easily sweep away a lot of hearts. Boldness lies at its heart which is immensely appreciated by their admirers.
He is relatively strong among the tiny dog breeds because of a sled driving history of his ancestors. He is super adaptive to a new situation. Striking happiness of this dog creates a lasting impression on the audience. Poms are excellent family dogs.
Brightness surrounds this little dog on all sides. He considers himself equal to the larger dogs due to a never-back-down mentality.
He needs your protection in such a situation. This little one has a sturdy physique because he is a descendant of the Spitz type dogs. Robust legs and a mane around the neck give an air of square body. He refuses a lap dog status and prefers jumping into the thickness of the events with his lively activities.
Clever Poms can win over your judgement with their sound methods. This small dog loves going out and enthusiastically takes part in social calls. He gets along fine with the other pets. Humans are special focus points for him. The Pomeranian basically demonstrates an extrovert nature. Barking is a commentary of the happenings going on around him dedicated to your kind notification.
Measure Pomeranian smartness:
He is alert to his surrounding environment and makes a wonderful watchdog. He is going to sound an alarm for anything that is happening outside. This is a smart dog and he captures the 23rd spot on dog intelligence ranking list which is researched by Professor Stanley Coren.
This fashionable dog is good at receiving training. He is a greeting master working on your behalf. Finding out the treat has always been his favorite game. This dog is adept at conducting therapy sessions if you train him for it. You will find him to be a kind of self inflated dog breed who has no idea about its small size. So, they often pick up on a large dog and repents for a very short amount of time until you rescue him.
Children can be tremendous partners of a Pom. But a naughty child is never welcome who likes to pull the ears or the coat. The Pomeranian is not very fond of strangers. He is an athlete and performs drastically well in dog shows including agility, rally and obedience courses.
What & how to feed:
An adult Pomeranian need ½ a cup of daily food. You can serve this amount in two meals respectively in the morning and in the evening.
However, a puppy will require 3-4 meals everyday to maintain its normal level of strength. Food amount actually relies on a number of factors such as age, sex, health, activities and so on. As a result, it is more of a dynamic issue which can be slightly outlined but can never be fixed. At a certain point of time, the dog will demand a unique amount of food.
The Pomeranian will ask for a high quality dog food. Top class foods are full of nutrition and almost devoid of fillers. Frankly, their meals should be based on proteins and fat. Beef, fish, chicken and lamb are excellent animal protein sources. These items supply him with the necessary energy.
On the other hand, fat keeps him going for the extra miles. It preserves his strength and protects his vital organs from getting heart by creating a layer of fat. It is especially important for the protection of his coat and skin. This dog is susceptible to obesity and you have to keep away from free feeding. Carefully consider how much treat you are disbursing daily. Try not to spare any human food for him.
Escape a few health issues:
The Pomeranian belongs to the healthy dog group. There are, of course, some exceptions to this rule as well. They are susceptible to a few issues. You should ask for the medical clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF). In short, these certificates will lift your dog out of some major problems.
Patellar luxation causes kneecap slip up and restricts his movement. It may require a surgery for final remedy. Hypothyroidism can also be a major disease. The dog suffers from lack of brain capacity and obesity in some worst instances. Tracheal collapse will have a symptom in dry cough. Trachea supplies air to the lungs and gets distorted due to inconsiderate collar or leash pulling.
He might also suffer from heart malfunction and seizures. Similarly, a range of allergic attacks may take place and sniffing, rubbing as well as licking the paws are signs of this condition. Progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts damage his eye capacity. There is a unique phenomenon called black skin disease. It sporadically destroys his coat by removing hair. It can leave him fully bald.
Insightful care program:
The Pomeranian has a prominent double coat consisting of soft undercoat and coarse outer coat. A fresh and gorgeous look will cost you a fair amount of time behind his grooming. But because of his small stature, you will not have to spend hours behind it. Brush it 2-3 times a week. Otherwise, the coat tends to form mats and tangles. A slicker brush along with a metal comb will serve this cause just fine.
He is an average shedder and regular brushing will keep dead as well as fallen hair at bay. Bathing is only required if you smell odor or notice dirt on the coat. Usually, a monthly bath using a proper dog shampoo will do good. Moreover, cut his nails and clean the ears regularly. Brushing his teeth is also vital.
In addition, these little pooches tend to jump off the bed and table. Thus they may get hurt or seriously injured. Demotivate him from doing so. Check out his skin for sores or bumps. These are normally signs of diseases including cancer. This small dog is remarkably active and you should take him out regularly. Have him under the control of a leash while outing. Give him a plenty of fresh and clean water. Your dog can greatly benefit from a yearly full health check-up.
Proper exercise method:
Exercise has always been a vital part of his care. This little dog should not get stuck into your apartment. They must get out everyday for a little limb movement. Meanwhile, hot days are not ideal for it. This dog has a profuse coat and it warms him up quite rapidly making him uncomfortable.
Consequently, they should have at least 20-30 minute of daily walks. However, this rule is only applicable for the adults. Puppies should not go under strict exercise schedules. Basically, interactive games are the best options. Frisbee, ball fetching, etc are the top choices. These games will ensure that your dog runs aplenty.
Regular activities will maintain his mental and physical soundness. It works for the best of his metabolic activities too. A fenced yard is going to give him good chances of exercising on his own. But this is not enough. You have to lead him in walks or jogs.
Pomeranian training cues:
Poms are high pitched barkers and needs a few instructions on barking to remain calm. A lot of exercise is going to put a cap on his barking habit as the saying goes, ‘a tired dog is always a good dog’.
In fact, firmness and consistency in training approaches are going to yield effective results. Enrolling the dog into a puppy school is always fine. A Pomeranian will try to satisfy you with his behavior. Add his topnotch intelligence with this characteristic and you will get a superb trainee on your hands.
Begin with socialization and basic commands. Take him to places and such a habit will automatically sharpen his social skills. He will come to know the standard ways of getting along with the humans and other pets. Normal instructions like ‘come’, ‘sit’, ‘go’, ‘leave’, etc will set the stage for future complex training programs.
House training is a difficult lesson for him to grasp. So, get him into a crate by arranging a comfortable environment. This positive confinement will gradually teach him the value of a timely potty break at the right location.
Pomerania, Germany is the place of origin of the Pomeranians. Actually, Spitz class dogs greatly contributed to their development. These were the sled drivers from the Arctic and the Samoyed, the American Eskimo Dog, the Norwegian Elkhound can be mentioned in this regard.
Specific date of their breeding is however shrouded in mystery. But their companionship with some great historical figures cannot avoid our attention. Not to forget, Mozart and Queen Victoria had a special bearing on this dog. Their modern popularity however rose up with the interest of Queen Victoria in this breed. In 1888, she brought a Pomeranian back to England from Italy.
Hence, their reputation experienced a sharp boost in both Britain and the USA. The breed standard was fixed in the early 20th century. However, the AKC acclaimed the Pomeranian as a separate breed in 1900. Nowadays, the Pomeranian enjoys excellent fan base as they capture the 22nd spot on the AKC breed popularity list.