In This Article Dogsculture Covers:
Here goes the wittiest dog among all the breeds. Sheep farming businesses had a great use of the Border Collie and he has a legendary herding capacity. He can firmly establish an authority among the cattle using his tremendous willpower.
The Border Collie is usually a tireless worker in the field because of his seemingly unending stamina. He is also a great contender in dog shows and sports. The Border comes to us from Britain.
Border Collie personality:
You can safely use the word workaholic in order to describe the Border Collie. His work ethics as well as work drive sets him apart from most other dog breeds.
This is the top smart dog. Herding the cattle seems to be in his genes as he accomplishes this task quite effortlessly. In addition, he will chase any moving object or animal including both cars and kids.
He has a medium size which can be a vehicle of ultimate energy and intellect whenever put to work. This is a superb athletic dog versed in all kinds of physical games. He just loves to be in the middle of an action.
But a bored Border Collie is equally destructive and you should never forget it. Normally, he possesses a sweet temperament and behaves well in the family.
In absence of due amount of physical actions, he will show the other side of Dr. Jekyll. You cannot just leave him all by himself in the yard and expect him to fulfill his workout requirements. He must have a purpose in doing something and that is exactly when he feels highly charged and motivated.
Your Border likes to exercise his freedom of speech as is common to many other herding dogs. So, this is not a suitable dog in a packed neighborhood.
Measure Border Collie smartness:
The Border Collie promises outstanding brain capacity. This dog will put you to regular tests and is going to outfox you at each possible turn. They have captured the top spot in dog intelligence ranking brought to us by Professor Stanley Coren.
So, you have to cook some plans for him far in advance. He does not only excel in herding but also performs superbly as a family dog. He grows up to be an inseparable part of the family. This enthusiastic dog will tread upon your footsteps all day long.
He is always alert to the circumstances and responds in kind. Take him to frisbee, fly ball, obedience, agility, sheep herding, rally and he will show some wonders. The Border Collie is especially easy to train because of an incomparable combination of his high perception of your commands alongside a pleasing tendency.
What & how to feed:
Highly active adult Border Collie needs 1.5-2 cups of daily food. For an adult dog, you can supply it in two meals respectively in the morning and in the evening.
But food provision is actually a dynamic issue and there will always be a difference in amount from dog to dog. This quantity actually relies on age, sex, activities, health and so many other issues.
You can determine the amount of food the dog requires as you continue feeding him for a long time. The Border Collie does not care about his food being homemade or commercial as long as it fulfills his energy requirements. However, you can feed him medium sized dog foods. You just should not free feed the dog. It creates some bad habits.
A 40 pound and adult active Border Collie demands 1109 calories per day as has been pointed out by the National Research Council of the National Academies.
But you cannot give him as much as this amount if your dog is prone to sitting out the days. But this tendency is not common to the Border Collie. Protein and fat ingredients should be the foundation of his meals. At least, 18-26 percent of proteins in each meal will provide him with ample energy.
Beef, chicken, fish, turkey, eggs, dairy items and lamb are excellent sources of proteins. Barley, cereals, vegetables and oats will give him some plant proteins. But vegetable proteins are not proficient in amino acid which is vital for a dog.
On the other hand, flaxseed oil, safflower oil, olive oil and fish oil are going to supply the dog with necessary fat. Fat repels an injury by protecting the internal organs by creating a protective layer. Bone and joint strength also derives from it.
Tapioca, brown rice, sweet potatoes, fruits, beetroot, pumpkin and vegetables serve him with carbohydrates and fibers. Carbohydrate provides long term strength. A commercial item should be free of preservatives, dyes and flavors for the betterment of his health.
You can follow the guidelines established by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Clean water is a vital requirement for the dog. Unnecessary use of treats causes overweight.
But it is actually not the greatest of a problem for the highly active Border Collie. However, you have to be careful in this regard.
Escape a few health issues:
The Border Collie is a healthy dog breed and usually keeps away from most of the diseases. But you always have a window of exercising some precautions before buying a puppy.
A few health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), and the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) will clear the dog out of a list of major physical conditions. DNA tests are also vital for his good health.
However, your dog may not suffer from any of these listed diseases in his lifetime. But your proper concept on some of these diseases can save both of you from a lot of troubles.
Hip dysplasia is a major concern for this highly active dog breed. Femur joint gets dysfunctional due to a mismatch between the ball and the socket. It may be a genetic condition involving disordered genes or even obesity has the capacity to build up this disease.
Gradually, the dog loses its power of movement and develops arthritis as well. An X-ray can detect the situation. Swimming can significantly reduce its ill impact. A major condition might call for a surgery.
Progressive retinal atrophy reduces the rod cells in his eyes, as a result, the dog will lose its night vision capacity and ultimately you will find him fully blind. There is almost no treatment to this disease.
Collie eye anomaly is the outcome of underdeveloped choroid. Choroid is a group of blood vessels that keeps his retina functionally healthy. Both his eyes get defected at the same time. There is little to no symptom to this problem until the dog turns fully blind.
But sometimes their eyeballs become smaller in size. Epilepsy, allergy, osteochondrosis dissecaans, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (CL) and trapped neutrophil syndrome (TNS) are some other diseases to reckon with.
Insightful care program:
There is no need for a ton of grooming activities for this hyperactive dog. There is a rough coat and a smooth coat of this dog breed.
No matter the type these are double coats. Weekly 1-2 brushes will keep it clean. Use a pin brush in this regard. Shedding seasons will call for more frequent brushing sessions. His coat tends to protect him from harsh weather. Bathing is required only when you can locate bad smell or dirt.
Normally, one bath a month is fine for him. Unnecessary baths are going to disturb his skin oil formation causing damage to his coat and skin.
You have to cut his nails and clean the ears. Ear cleaning solution will help you in this respect. Brushing his teeth is also of vital importance. This relentless worker is going to spend a substantial amount of time in the outside. Arrange a shade for him to take rest.
You should put a fence around the yard so that he cannot take a flight. This active dog can use a yearly vet visit.
Proper exercise method:
The Border Collie is a sound athlete and he loves to take part in physical action. You have to take him out for at least an hour. Apart from the sports sessions, he will reap some benefits from this walk.
But the walks are not adequate as you have to give him plenty of space for occasional running spree. You have to participate in games such as frisbee, fly ball, fetching and the other interactive options.
Rally, obedience, agility, herding competitions bring out the best from the Border Collie.
Border Collie training cues:
The Border Collie is the ultimate trainee in the dogdom. Some experts suggest that a Border Collie can grasp a command with only 5 repetitions. This is quite a legendary compliment for a dog. But such a level of expertise requires a few basic ground works.
This is a sturdy dog which needs early socialization. The Border Collie should meet a lot of humans and pets so that he can develop a round personality. He does not get along well with strangers.
So, he needs to learn the basics of dog-human relationship. Obedience training is going to help him better accommodate with the family. He is super ingenious and can easily grasp your training techniques.
But do not keep an adult dog confined for more than 2-4 hours at a stretch. Tracking, scent work, agility, rally and herding tests will flash out the best sides of a Border Collie. Note that a dull training session will rarely make him enthusiastic.
So, keep it fun with toys and treats.
Border Collie origin:
The Border Collie was raised in the frontier terrains of England and Scotland. It was a hilly area and the farmlands therein demanded a tough dog. The Border Collie was just the right kind of dog meeting the demands. Roman and Viking invaders brought their herding dogs that were bred with the local canines.
The outcome of their mating took different names in different parts of Britain such as Highland Collies, Welsh Sheepdogs and Northern Sheepdogs. These dogs guaranteed substantial physique and agile working capability.
If someone looks for a premium herder, there is literally no need to look beyond the Border Collie. They have demonstrated ample qualifications with their incomparable slouching, crouching and running in this arena. The AKC has recognized this dog as a distinct breed in 1995.
Nowadays, the Border Collie enjoys the 35th position in the AKC breed popularity list.