The Basset Hound is rarely in a hurry. No matter what happens he is going to have a slow reaction most of the time. This dog however cannot be labelled as a completely lazy one.
He is capable of shining his hound name with occasional bunny chasing. But he prefers watching all the actions around him from a laid back posture. Families reap the best of a Basset Hound because of their tranquil nature. This dog makes it to the list of low maintenance dogs.
Basset Hound personality:
The Basset Hound earns it all with his appealing look. He bears a grand appearance and makes the best use of it when the question is a treat. He is mostly a clown of the family. This is especially not a troublemaker and except for some occasional stubbornness.
Actually, he never stirs up a situation unless tremendously provoked. Rule breaking is not a deliberate action on his part. But it happens a lot because of his forgetful nature. ‘Low key’ is the term determining his character like forever.
This medium sized dog is your personal singer in the backyard and will continue with it unless you train him duly. He is your hunting companion with an immaculate tracking ability.
Chasing is usually not his specialty due to short legs. But he is a formidable hunting dog while in a pack. Basset Hounds are not very willing to move their body too frequently.
So, you have to take him out regularly. Once you put him into something, he will demonstrate huge endurance. He is going to have a fair amount of drool.
Measure Basset Hound smartness:
Sharp intelligence and Basset Hounds are two opposite things of nature. You have to put a lot of effort in order to make him understand a thing. But he is a fantastic kid companion.
In addition, he can build up good terms with almost anyone. Moreover, this dog promises an even temperament. Professor Stanley Coren puts the Basset Hound on the 71st position in the dog intelligence ranking for his overall capabilities.
This dog thrives in a team. He can perpetuate his forlorn condition and thus capture your heart. It is the most applied way for him to earn something seemingly impossible. You cannot write him off because of his alert nature which gifts him the quality of a watchdog.
Picking up an interesting scent is always his thing. Scent tracking habit usually gets them into dangers.
What & how to feed:
A Basset Hound really loves his food. Highly active adult Basset Hound needs 1.5-2.5 cups of daily intake. Two meals respectively in the morning and in the evening will do the job finely.
But food amount is truly a dynamic issue and there will always remain a difference in amount from dog to dog. This quantity actually relies on age, sex, activities, health and so many other aspects of an individual dog.
You can determine the amount of food the dog requires as you continue feeding him for a long time. The Basset Hound can get along well with both homemade and commercial products as long as they fulfill his energy necessities.
However, you can feed him medium sized dog foods. You just should not free feed the dog. It creates some bad habits. A 60 pound and adult active Basset Hound requires on an average 1671 calories per day as has been put forward by the National Research Council of the National Academies.
But you cannot give him as much as this amount if your dog is prone to sitting out the days. Such an idling tendency is quite common to this dog breed. Basset Hound meals should be rich in protein and fat ingredients.
At least, 18-20 percent of proteins in each meal will provide him with ample energy. Beef, chicken, fish, turkey, eggs, dairy items and lamb are excellent sources of proteins. Barley, cereals, vegetables and oats will give him some plant proteins. But vegetable proteins are not proficient in amino acid which is vital for the health of a dog.
On the other hand, flaxseed oil, Safflower oil, olive oil and fish oil will supply the dog with necessary fat. Fat prevents an injury by protecting the internal organs by putting on a protective layer. Bone and joint strength also derives from it.
Tapioca, brown rice, sweet potatoes, fruits, beetroot, pumpkin and vegetables serve him with carbohydrates and fibers. Carbohydrate is the source of long term strength. Vegetables should not go beyond 1-2% of his total diet.
A commercial item should be free of preservatives, dyes and flavors for the betterment of his health. You may want to feed him medium to large breed dog food.
In this respect, you may want to follow the guidelines proposed by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Clean water is a vital necessity for the dog. Irrelevant use of treats causes overweight which is a great concern for the Basset Hound. You have to be careful in this respect.
Escape a few health issues:
The Basset Hound is a healthy dog breed and usually keeps away from most of the diseases. But you can always undertake some precautionary measures before buying a puppy.
A number of health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), and the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) will clear the dog out of a list of major physical conditions.
Ophthalmological and BAER screenings are of vital interest when it comes to the Basset Hounds. DNA tests are also vital for his good health in the long run. However, your dog may not suffer from any of these listed diseases in his lifetime. But your proper concept on some of these diseases can save both of you from a lot of troubles.
Thrombocytopathy can be either acquired or inherited blood disorder. In case of an injury or surgery, his blood does not clot and thus causes excessive bleeding. The platelets fail to respond in an emergency situation often sending the dog into a shock.
Keeping the dog under complete rest is the only solution in such a condition. There is no cure to this disease. Hypothyroidism is a thyroid gland disorder. It affects his metabolism decreasing the amount of thyroxine hormone.
Middle aged dogs are more susceptible to this disease. Hair loss, obesity, muscle loss, sluggishness and intolerance to cold are some of the symptoms. A timely treatment can recover the dog.
Von Willebrand’s Disease is another blood clotting malfunction which happens due to a shortage of von Willebrand’s Factor. Nose bleeding, bloody urine, skin bruises, prolonged surgery or injury bleeding are some of the symptoms.
Patellar luxation occurs when the kneecap gets dislocated. Lameness is a long term outcome of this condition. Genetic malfunction or trauma can cause this problem. A full scale surgery is mostly the only way out of this disease.
Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia are two other bone related issues. These diseases also call for surgery. Bloat, glaucoma and cherry eye are some other conditions affecting a Basset Hound.
Insightful care program:
Do not become deceived seeing his short and smooth coat as it sheds profoundly and calls for a bit of grooming. So, three brushing sessions every week is an integral part of his care. You can use a rubber curry brush in this respect.
Moreover, a monthly bath will keep away all the dead hair. This dog spreads a hound odor which most of the dog people find repulsive. A regular bath using a proper dog shampoo will suppress the smell.
Trimming his nails once a month and brushing his teeth 2-3 times every week will maintain his well being. Regular inspection of the ears are vital for his good health. Long and droopy ears prevent natural air flow and invites infection as well as dampness.
Check those long ears weekly and especially after baths. A fenced yard will ensure his safety as this dog likes to trail scents. Take extra care so that this dog does not go up or down the stairs for at least his first year. In addition, discourage him from jumping off an elevated place.
Proper exercise method:
The Basset Hound is an ideal apartment dog. He does not look forward to too much workouts. If you do not take him outdoors for days, this dog will not mind too much.
As a result, they are prone to becoming overweight. So, you have to go on daily walks for at least 30-40 minutes. This couch potato will spend inactive hours in a happy mood. But his overall mental and physical stimulation requires a good deal of activities. He will not mind your taking him to the street or the park. Rather, this dog is going to enjoy the session very much.
Basset Hound training cues:
Training the Basset Hound always calls for extra patience on your side. But treats can extraordinarily mellow down his behavior. Appreciation also gets him into the thick of the actions. This dog easily becomes bored due to his short attention span.
So, the training session should be enjoyable for him to remember things. Socialization is an important skill for this apartment dog.
Hunting as well as tracking is the thing of the Basset. This job usually brings out the ultimate Basset attention. Persistence is always the key to training him because of his independent thinking streak. The dog will pay little attention to your fantastic techniques and you can take it for granted.
So, early beginning is a solution to many issues. Impart the lessons of potty training and obedience as soon as possible. The crate is an important tool for a better training outcome. It will get the dog under the auspices of a strict schedule. The crate will also help handle separation anxiety.
Basset Hound origin:
The Basset Hound was developed in France and Belgium. We should mention the Abbey of St. Hubert in Belgium as a specific location that contributed to the breeding of the St. Hubert Hound. The friars took special interest in breeding this dog.
The St. Hubert Hound are the ancestors of the Bloodhound and the low slung Basset Hound. These dwarfed hounds had an exceptional capacity of tracking bunnies hiding under thick bushes. So, they gained considerable popularity among the French aristocrats.
From thereon, a Europe-wide reputation spread like a wildfire mostly in the 19th century. This dog was introduced in Britain in the same century. The recognition of the Basset Hound by the AKC took place in 1916.
Now, they enjoy the 39th spot in the AKC breed popularity list.